What is cancer?
For many people cancer is a frightening word. It is a word that we are all familiar with, but many of us don’t really know its meaning. In the simplest terms cancer is a growth of abnormal cells somewhere in the body. These growths, or tumours, can be benign (not cancer) or malignant (cancer).
What causes cancer?
The causes of many cancers are not yet known, but a number of cancers seem to be caused by our lifestyle habits or by substances in our environment that affect our bodies.
A risk factor is anything that increases a person’s chance of developing cancer. General risk factors for cancer include:
- A personal and/or family history of cancer
- Older age
- Over exposure to sun
- Some types of viral infections (such as human papillomavirus or HPV)
- Specific chemicals (such as benzene)
- Exposure to radiation
Cancer prevention and methods of reducing the risk of cancer can greater lower the physical, emotional and financial burden of cancer, and improve the overall health of cancer survivors, including lowering the risk of cancer returning or the formation of a second cancer.
Cancer Incidence in the UAE
According to the Health Authority Abu Dhabi, cancer is the second cause of death in the UAE. The prevailing types of cancer in the UAE are breast, colon, lymphoma and prostate.